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高考英语常考的15个“难长”副词用法解析

核心导读:  词汇在高考英语中一直是一个很重要的考点,尤其是在阅读理解中,经常涉及到一些​“难长”的词汇。这类题与其说是考查副词的用法,还不如说是考查考生是否“认识”这些副词——因为这些副词都比较“长”(大都多于八个字母),同时也比较“难”(对那些基础不好的考生来说可能是生词)。事实上,同学们只要知道这些副词的词义,然后分别将其代入句子,意思最通顺的即为最佳答案。

  1. — Do you think it’s a good idea to make friends with your students?
  —_______,I do. I think it’s a great idea.
  A. Really
  B. Obviously
  C. Actually
  D. Generally
  2. The questionnaire takes _______ ten to fifteen minutes to complete and can be used along with the assessment interview.
  A. mainly
  B. punctually
  C. approximately
  D. precisely
  3. In the good care of the nurses,the boy is recovering from his heart operation _______.
  A. quietly
  B. actually
  C. practically
  D. gradually
  4. The incomes of skilled workers went up. _______,unskilled workers saw their earnings fall.
  A. Moreover
  B. Therefore
  C. Meanwhile
  D. Otherwise
  以上四道题的答案分别为CCDC。同学们,你们认识这些副词吗?下面是为大家归纳的最常考的15个“长难”副词。
  1. moreover adv. 而且,再者,此外,加之
  The firm did the work very well. Moreover,the cost was not too high.
  这家公司做得十分出色,而且费用也不太高。
  The price is too high,and moreover it isn’t in a suitable position.
  价钱太高,而且位置也不合适。
  2. therefore adv. 因此,所以
  He was busy;therefore he could not come.
  他很忙,所以不能来。
  The new trains have more powerful engines and are therefore faster.
  新火车安装了更强的发动机,因此车速更快。
  3. otherwise adv. 否则,不然
  You must pay your taxes on time;otherwise,you will be punished.
  你必须及时交税,否则你就会受罚。
  You must work hard;otherwise you will not learn English well.
  你必须用功,否则就学不好英语
  4. meanwhile adv. 与此同时,在此期间
  They’ll be here in ten minutes. Meanwhile,we’ll have some coffee.
  他们10分钟后到这儿,现在我们先喝点咖啡。
  Jane was painting the wall and meanwhile Pat was watching TV.
  简在刷墙漆,与此同时帕特在看电视。
  5. practically adv. 几乎,简直,差不多;实际上,事实上
  The holidays are practically over;there is only one day left.
  假期差不多完了,只剩下一天了。
  Practically,we have solved all these problems.

  事实上,我们解决了全部的问题。
  6. gradually adv. 逐渐地
  Things gradually improved.
  情况在逐渐改善。
  And gradually their talk ceased;long silence followed.
  他们的谈话慢慢停了下来,接着便是长时间的沉默。
  7. actually adv. 实际上,事实上,说实在的
  Actually that’s not quite right.
  实际上,那不完全正确。
  He talks big but doesn’t actually do anything.
  他光吹牛,什么实际的事都不干。
  8. approximately adv. 大约,大概
  The accident happened at approximately 5:30.
  事故大约发生在五点半。
  These visits had continued regularly,approximately every third week.
  这些参观定期进行(高中www.gaozhong.cc/),大约每三周一次。
  9. generally adv. 通常,一般,广泛地,普遍地
  Doctors generally work long hours.
  医生通常工作时间都很长。
  Generally he watches TV for two hours in the evening.
  一般他晚上看两小时的电视。
  10. obviously adv. 明显地,显然

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